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  • Writer's pictureGian Sharma

The Significance and Features of India's New Parliament Building.

In the commemoration of India's 75th year of Independence, the nation proudly unveils its new Parliament building. Constructed by Indian architects and reflecting the cultural essence and national spirit, the new building addresses the pressing need for a modernized and spacious facility to accommodate the evolving requirements of India's parliamentary activities. This article explores the reasons behind the necessity for the new Parliament building and highlights its key features.

The Need for a New Parliament Building:

India's existing Parliament House, commissioned in 1927, is a century-old heritage Grade-I building that has witnessed a substantial increase in parliamentary activities and users over the years. Ad hoc modifications and constructions have been undertaken, resulting in distress and over-utilization of the structure. Several issues prompted the construction of a new building, including limited seating space for Members of Parliament (MPs), obsolete communication infrastructure, safety concerns, inadequate workspace for employees, and distressed overall infrastructure.

Key Features of the New Parliament Building:

The new Parliament building, located adjacent to the existing one, stands as a reflection of the aspirations of India's 1.35 billion citizens. It works in harmony with the old structure to ensure smooth and efficient functioning. Notable features of the new building include:

  1. Optimum Space Utilization: With a built-up area of approximately 65,000 sq m, the triangular design of the new building maximizes space utilization.

  2. Enhanced Seating Capacity: The new building accommodates a larger Lok Sabha hall with a capacity of up to 888 seats, and a larger Rajya Sabha hall with a capacity of up to 384 seats. During joint sessions of Parliament, the Lok Sabha can accommodate up to 1,272 seats.

  3. Symbolic Themes: The Lok Sabha hall showcases the peacock theme, symbolizing India's national bird, while the Rajya Sabha hall embodies the lotus theme, representing India's national flower.

  4. Constitutional Hall: The state-of-the-art Constitutional Hall symbolically places Indian citizens at the heart of democracy, emphasizing their central role.

  5. Modern Office Spaces: The new building offers secure, efficient, and technologically advanced office spaces equipped with the latest communication infrastructure.

  6. State-of-the-Art Facilities: Large committee rooms equipped with cutting-edge audio-visual equipment and an upgraded library provide an enhanced working environment for parliamentarians.

  7. Environmental Sustainability: Designed as a "Platinum-rated Green Building," the new Sansad Bhavan aligns with India's commitment to environmental sustainability.

  8. Cultural Integration: The new Parliament building embodies India's vibrant heritage and diversity, incorporating regional arts, crafts, and cultural elements.

  9. Accessibility for All: The building ensures a divyang-friendly environment, enabling people with disabilities to move freely and participate fully.

  10. Central Lounge and Courtyard: The Central Lounge serves as a space for members to interact, while the courtyard features a banyan tree, India's national tree.


The construction of India's new Parliament building addresses the limitations of the century-old structure and caters to the evolving needs of the country's parliamentary activities. The new building provides enhanced seating capacity, modern facilities, improved infrastructure, and an environmentally sustainable design. By incorporating India's rich cultural heritage and ensuring accessibility for all, the new Parliament building stands as a testament to the nation's commitment to democratic values and progress.

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